On 24 August, I stated in these pages that one of the reasons why India`s “fundamental” defence cooperation agreements with the United States – including a logistical agreement – are drawing so much political attention to national territory, because “the texts of these agreements – and even official summaries – continue to serve as suspicion in a country that deeply protects its sovereignty and independent foreign policy.” Indeed, in the absence of a draft agreement on the U.S.-India Logistics Exchange 2016, some analysts have confused it with a “status of forces” agreement on fundamental rights and all that would entail. An agreement on mutual supply and services between the armed forces of the two countries was concluded in New Delhi in the run-up to the annual Indojapain summit. The two countries worked hard to conclude this acquisition agreement and cross-service agreement. The date and agenda of the annual India-Japan summit have yet to be set. The agreement was signed by Defense Minister Ajay Kumar and Japanese Ambassador Suzuki Satoshi. According to the Defense Ministry statement, “the agreement signed on Wednesday concerns the reciprocal provision of supplies and services between the Indian armed forces and Japan`s self-defense forces.” The agreement will also improve interoperability between the Indian armed forces and Japan and, as part of the strategic and global partnership between the two countries, defence operations at the bilateral level will increase significantly. The acquisition and cross-service agreement open to the public demystifies military logistics agreements for many in India. On April 28, 1998, the United States and Japan signed an amendment to the current logistics support, supply and services agreement between the Japanese Self-Defense Forces and the U.S. Armed Forces (CASA) in Tokyo. CASA aims to promote close cooperation between Japanese and U.S. self-defence forces and to contribute to a harmonious and effective implementation of the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security and the efforts of the United Nations to promote world peace. The Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA) is negotiated on a bilateral basis between the United States and its NATO allies or coalition partners, allowing U.S. forces to exchange the most common types of assistance, including food, fuel, transportation, ammunition and equipment.
The agreement does not commit a country to take military action. STAs also exist between third countries. Japan and South Korea have both formed ACSAs with countries other than the United States.  Amid the growing tensions between India and China along the effective line of control, which is likely to intensify, the Indian navy will have access to the Japanese base in Djibouti and the Japanese will have access to the Andaman and Nikobaren Islands.