Azerbaijan`s president, Ilham Aliyev, said Pachinjan had no choice but to sign the “historic agreement.” On Tuesday, Russia negotiated a new peace agreement between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the two countries engaged for more than six weeks in a military conflict for the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region in the South Caucasus. The recent agreement did not mention the status of the Nagorno-Karabakh regions, populated by Armenia, or the format of future negotiations to resolve the conflict. He said the agreement was “the best possible solution to the current situation.” According to local media, a large crowd gathered in the Armenian capital, Yerevan, to protest against the agreement. They broke into the Parliament and government buildings and shouted, “We will not give up.” Armenia, Azerbaijan and Russia have signed an agreement to end the military conflict over the controversial Nagorno-Karabakh enclave. Following the signing of the agreement and the sending of Russian peacekeeping forces, a memorandum was signed by the Russian and Turkish defence ministers regarding the creation of a joint Russian-Turkish observatory in Azerbaijan.  Russia insisted, however, that Turkey`s participation would be limited to operating on Azerbaijani soil from the Observatory and that Turkish peacekeeping forces would not go to Nagorno-Karabakh.   Armenian opposition parties have called on the government to revoke the agreement. And the country`s president, Armen Sarkissian, distanced himself from the agreement, saying he learned about the negotiations through the media and called for “political consultations” to get out of the crisis. As part of the agreement, Azerbaijan will retain Nagorno-Karabakh territories and surrounding areas captured during the conflict.
It also calls on the Armenian armed forces to cede certain areas outside the borders of Nagorno-Karabakh, including the eastern district of Agdam and the western area of Kalbacar. Armenians will also lose the Lachin region, where an important road connects Nagorno-Karabakh to Armenia. The agreement provides that a five-kilometre zone in the Lachin Corridor remains open and protected by about 2,000 Russian peacekeepers. The agreement also requires Russian border services to monitor a new transport corridor through Armenia, linking Azerbaijan to its western enclave of Naxcivan, surrounded by Armenia, Iran and Turkey. In October of this year, the two countries agreed on a ceasefire agreement, which was also negotiated by Russia but was unsuccessful. 📣 Express Explained is now on Telegram Nikol Pashinyan announces a “painful” agreement with the presidents of Azerbaijan and Russia to end weeks of conflict. The agreement brokered by Moscow, which implemented a ceasefire at 21:00 GMT, came after a series of Azerbaijani victories in its fight for the recapture of the ethnic Armenian enclave. The new ceasefire agreement angered Armenia when protesters stormed Parliament, beat the speaker and allegedly looted the prime minister`s office. Hours before the agreement was signed, Azerbaijan apologized to Moscow and offered to pay compensation after admitting to accidentally shooting down a Russian helicopter. Two crew members died in the incident and a third was injured. Even after the 1994 peace agreement, the region was marked by regular fire exchanges. In 2016, there was a four-day war before Russia made peace.
The Minsk group of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), chaired by France, Russia and the United States, has been trying for several years to get the two countries to reach a peace agreement.