The contractual mechanism of Novation is that the bank of intermediaries is authorized by the borrower and the banks in the credit agreement to sign the planned novation certificates on behalf of the borrower and the banks, so that all parties are bound.  In such a scenario, the government authority can serve as a junior lender, the Oder the financiers as senior lender(s) and the company (Y) is the borrower. Since the company insures the loan of the two financiers with the same property, the priority creditor will definitely want to conclude an intercreditor agreement with the government authority in order to protect its interests. These actors use two essential legal approaches to overcome the difficulty of large-cap credit, including the agency and trusts. A single bank may not be willing or able to advance the full amount. The essence of syndication lies in the fact that two or more banks agree to grant a borrower loans on common terms governed by a single agreement. This agreement regulates not only the relationship between the lenders and the borrower, but especially between the lenders. Most loans are documented on the basis of LMA precedents, and in England this will not appear on the lenders` “standard written business terms” for the purposes of UCTA 1977.  Decision-making requires coordination. Bonds are dispersed and the identity of the holder is often unknown to the issuer or other bondholders due to the intermediate holding of securities. The arrangement scheme requires a head-count-test, whereas for bond issuance on a global basis, there is only one true under-equity creditor per trust. The solution to this problem is to develop agreements between creditors. To overcome head-count test problems on bonds, bondholders may receive certain obligations (even if they are costly) or be perceived as potential creditors on the basis of that right.
The junior lender should consider including in the agreement terms for resuming the project in the event of a delay by the borrower. If such a situation occurs, the junior lender should know that there are usually only two options: either inject finance into the project to cure the loss of money under the senior Lender, or pay the senior Lender. This last point is often almost impossible when the priority lender has provided very large sums of financing. The interconnection agreement plays a central role in the right of pledge. It is therefore essential for both lenders to create a solid foundation with regard to their rights and priorities in the event of erosion and failure of a borrower`s financial possibilities. In the absence of such a document, each party may at the same time exercise its own decisions and be inconsistent. The entire trial can be unethical and not economic and quickly turn into a legal imbroglio in court. As already noted, the veto rights of individual bondholders/lenders can yield suboptimal results. For example, a proper restructuring, which benefits everyone, is blocked. One of the solutions to this problem is the limitation of agreements on the basis of majorities.
The majority may bind a minority, with the exception of certain “all the affairs of the lender”. In the case of credit, majority lenders usually set 50% or 75% of the value on the basis of commitments. Unfavorable banks may sometimes be forced to transfer. This was observed in the Yank the Bank clause described above. An inter-creditor agreement, commonly referred to as an inter-creditor instrument, is a document signed between two or more creditors of the bankstop in the United StatesIn February 2014, the U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation had 6,799 FDIC-insured commercial banks in the United States. The central bank of the country is the Federal Reserve Bank, born after the passage of the Federal Reserve Act in 1913 and which determines in advance how its competing interests are resolved and how they can cooperate in the service of their common borrower. . . .